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Friday, February 27, 2015


Text 1
If you’re one of the 70% of cell-phone users who use text messaging, you know that C U L8R means “See you later.”
“Texting” is now the new way to talk (or “tlk”), especially for young people. But why is that?
IT’S A LOVE THING – There’s no doubt about it, text messages are for personal communication. Only 10% of messages are work related, and the peak hours for texting are between 10:30 and 11:00 at night!
Most users (64%) say texting is a good way to send romantic messages – it’s easier to say “I love you” in a text message than in a phone call. Maybe that explains why more people now use texting to send Valentine’s Day messages.
UPSIDES AND DOWNSIDES – Generally, texting is cheaper than making phone calls. It’s also more direct, since you can send or get information without having to ask and answer polite “How are you?” questions.
And it’s more discreet, too. No one can hear your “conversations,” and you can receive text messages almost anywhere – at work, in meetings, or in class. You can also use texting in noisy places like nightclubs, where using a cell phone is difficult.
A NEW LANGUAGE? – Because it’s quicker to “write” without apostrophes and vowels, texting has its own language. And it’s fun to use the symbols. There’s a best-selling dictionary (or “dxnre”) for texting called Wan2tlk?
Some people say that a texting encourages bad punctuation and spelling. On the other hand, more teens are writing than ever before. Now, that has to be a good thing.
(McCARTHY, M., McCARTEN, J. & SANDIFORD, H. Touchstone. Cambridge University Press. USA, 2005. Adaptado)

1. What do people use texting for?
a) Unfortunately, people use it just to have fun with friends.
b) They use texting to send messages to their bosses.
c) People text to solve problems at work regularly.
d) Most people use texting to cheat during a test at school.
e) Most people use it for personal communication. A few people use it for work.

2. Why does texting need its own language? Because
a) people need to type fast.                 d) everybody gets crazy with texting.
b) nobody wants to be understood.      e) young people like to be different.
c) it’s funnier to write like that.

3. Why do some people think text messaging is bad? Because
a) using texting is really very boring.
b) it is very difficult to get used to it.
c) it encourages bad punctuation and spelling.
d) it is faster than regular writing.
e) texting is funny but not useful.

4. According to the text,
I. it’s easier to say “I love you” in a text message than in a phone call.
II. texting is cheaper than making phone calls.
III. texting can be used in noisy places.
IV. texting doesn’t encourage teens to write more.
V. everybody can hear your texting conversation.
It is CORRECT just
a) II, III, and IV.                               d) I, II, and IV.
b) III, IV, and V.                                e) I, II, and III.
c) I, III, and V.

5. What does “texting” mean, finally?
a) It’s a way of speaking teenagers use just not be understood by their parents.
b) It’s a book or other piece of writing, especially one connected with science or learning.
c) It’s a specific way of writing used by people who like to navigate the Internet.
d) It’s a special way of communicating by writing normally using the cell phone without the 
need of speaking.
e) It’s a special way of communicating which is a little more expensive than the usual one.

Text 2
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6. According to text 2,
I. the woman’s husband is dead.
II. the woman’s husband is alive.
III. they communicate through the Internet.
IV. the man beside the woman is her husband.
V. her husband’s name is Walter Z. Heaven.
It is CORRECT just
a) I, II, and III.                                             d) III, IV, and V.
b) I and III.                                                   e) IV and V.
c) II, III, and IV.

Text 3
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7. According to text 3,
I. the family is happy because they have iPhone, iPod and iPad.
II. the man is not happy because he had to pay for the gadgets.
III. the man is not happy because the gadgets are not working.
IV. the man’s relatives paid for the gadgets using their own money.
It is CORRECT just
a) III and IV.                                      d) I and III.
b) I and II.                                         e) II and IV.
c) II and III.

Text 4 
Sleeping on stilts in the Amazon
As 75-year-old villager Antônio Gomes told us stories of growing up in Boca do Mamirauá, a tiny settlement in the northern Amazon rainforest, I tried to ignore the tiny blue flies biting through my trousers.
Despite my interest in hearing how locals survive in this remote part of the Brazilian rainforest, now a part of the Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve, I was grateful to escape when he finished, finding refuge in one of the tall wooden houses.
(When the Amazon floods, all of its residents – both animals and people – have to adopt an amphibious lifestyle. Kim Schandorff/Getty)

The houses hover some 3m above the ground. They are not unusual: almost everything in the Mamirauá reserve is on stilts, even the chicken coop. It has to be. Although much of Brazil is currently suffering one of the worst droughts in decades, this part of the Amazon is almost completely flooded for the six-month wet season. By April, the end of the rainy season, the river rises up to 10m high and overflows its banks. As a result, all living things in the forest, including locals, must adopt an amphibious lifestyle. Even the jaguars have learned to adapt by living in tree branches when the floods arrive.
Only 1,000 tourists per year are allowed to visit Mamirauá, which, at 57,000sqkm, is the largest wildlife reserve in the country. Created in 1984 to save the once-endangered uakari monkey, the reserve is the most carefully managed and protected part of the Amazon – and is also home to what many consider Brazil’s most successful sustainable tourist resort, the Uakari Floating Lodge. “If [the reserve] had not been created,” guide Francisco Nogeuira said, “the rivers and lakes would be empty of fish, and who knows how many trees would remain today?”
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8. Why does everybody in Mamirauá live on stilts? Because
a) the place is always very drought.
b) the place is always completely flooded.
c) they are used and like to live on stilts.
d) the stilts are very comfortable.
e) they are much more cheaper for living in.

9. According to the text, the Mamirauá reserve
I. is in the Amazon rainforest.
II. has a six-month wet season.
III. makes all living things have an amphibious lifestyle.
IV. makes even the jaguars change their lifestyle because of flood.
V. was created to save the once-endangered uakari monkey.
a) I, II, III, IV, and V.                                   d) just I and II.
b) just I, II, and III.                                      e) just II, III, and IV.
c) just III, IV, and V.

10. In the last paragraph, it is possible to find sentences in
a) comparative of equality.                              d) superlative of inferiority.   
b) comparative of superiority.                         e) comparative of inferiority.
c) superlative of superiority.

Text 5
Vive la reine!        
The capital of the French republic is better known for beheading monarchs than celebrating them. But Paris went wild for Britain’s queen during her state visit last week. Crowds on the Champs-Elysées cheered as her royal convoy drove past. Socialist ministers lined up enthusiastically to greet her at her birthday garden party.
The queen’s arrival at the international ceremony on “Sword” beach to remember the 70th anniversary of D-Day drew louder applause than that of America’s president. Anne Hidalgo, the Socialist mayor of Paris, even had a flower market named after her on the capital’s Ile de la Cité, which happens to be home to the Conciergerie prison where Marie-Antoinette was held before being carted to the guillotine in 1793. “The queen of the French” ran a headline in Le Monde, a left-wing daily.
Why are the French so smitten by the world’s longest-reigning queen?
Partly because she embodies the post-war era in which their modern republic was born: she was crowned in 1953 and has known all seven presidents of the Fifth Republic. Her affection for France, and grasp of the language, also help. […] After a state dinner at the Elyzée Palace, with François Hollande, the president, she spoke of her “grande affection” for the French people. This was the queen’s fifth state visit to the republic.
Another reason is that the French, shorn of their own monarchy, have long become avid voyeurs of everybody else’s. Point de vue and Paris-Match, two magazines that splash photos of royals across their pages, were launched back in the 1940s. The French turned the Monaco royals into celebrities before reality television invented instant fame for everybody else. In 2011 the French cleared the airwaves to cover Prince William’s wedding on live public television; 9m viewers tuned in to watch.
Perhaps the hidden reason for French royal fervour, though, is a secret envy mixed with regret. Mr Hollande, stuck with a 16% popularity rating, is said to have noted wryly how refreshing it was to hear cheering crowds when he accompanied the queen. Asked in a poll what they thought today of the execution of Louis XVI in 1793, more of the French (29%) judged it “unfair” than “understandable” (23%). The French “have a royalty complex”, wrote Hervé Gattegno in Le Point, and have built their republic on monarchical traditions as if to compensate. The president, who has more sweeping powers than almost any other modern democratic leader, is fussed over by much pomp and splendour—and the seat of the presidency is a palace.
(In: The French and monarchy. The Economist, vol. 411, number 8891. June, 14th 2014. Adaptado)

11. Considering both theme and gender of the text, more information could be added to the title, as a subheading.
Then choose the CORRECT subtitle among the alternatives below.
a) The Fifth Republic is in France.
b) The queen’s great affection for France.
c) Who cares about Britain’s queen?
d) Britain’s queen meets the French president.
e) Why the French love Britain’s queen.

12. Com base no texto, analise os seguintes itens:
I. Os franceses têm uma admiração especial pela rainha da Grã-Bretanha, o que se explica de várias formas, inclusive porque a rainha demonstra compreensão da língua e afeição pelo povo da França.
II. A rainha britânica tem sido frequentemente convidada para ir à França em visita de Estado, porém o povo francês não aprova esse tipo de ação diplomática, por causa dos altíssimos gastos com a comitiva real.
III. Quando chegou à cerimônia na praia “Sword”, onde se comemorava o 70º aniversário do Dia D, a rainha da Grã-Bretanha arrancou mais aplausos que o próprio presidente dos EUA.
IV. Anne Hidalgo, importante autoridade de Paris, convidou a rainha britânica para conhecer o famoso Mercado das Flores, na Ile de la Cité, onde uma rainha francesa foi mantida presa e, posteriormente, decapitada.
V. Um conhecido jornal francês de tendência esquerdista estampou a manchete “A rainha dos franceses”, referindo-se à rainha da Grã-Bretanha, em sua última visita oficial à França.
Estão CORRETOS, apenas,
a) I, II e III.                                      d) I, III e V.
b) II, III e V.                                     e) III e V.
c) I e V.

13. No trecho Another reason is that the French, shorn of their own monarchy, have long become avid voyeurs of everybody else’s.”, a palavra que completa o sentido do caso possessivo em destaque é
a) reason.                                            d) French.
b) monarchy.                                       e) Britain.
c) voyeurs.

14. Observe this passage:
“The president, who has more sweeping powers than almost any other modern democratic leader, is fussed over by much pomp and splendour — and the seat of the presidency is a palace.”
Na oração em destaque, percebe-se que o autor do texto
a) está fascinado pelo carisma da rainha da Grã-Bretanha, há bastante tempo no trono.
b) tenta “retocar” a imagem do presidente da França, enfatizando seu poder.
c) compreende as razões da avidez do presidente francês por tanta pompa e esplendor.
d) enfatiza o status do presidente da França, ao mesmo tempo em que faz uma ironia.
e) não quer se comprometer quanto à postura do presidente da França em relação à visita da rainha britânica.

15. The sentences: “Marie-Antoinette was held …”; Point de vue and Paris-Match […] were launched back in the 1940s; “she was crowned in 1953…”, and “The president […] is fussed over by much pomp and splendour” are all in the
a) Imperative Form.                             d) Present Perfect.
b) Conditional Tense.                           e) Past Perfect Continuous.
c) Passive Voice.

16. Na frase “The capital of the French republic is better known for beheading monarchs than celebrating them.”, a palavra em destaque significa
a) decapitar.                                       d) depor.
b) debochar.                                       e) destronar.
c) deportar.

Text 6
Women in the rodeo
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In the huge, open lands of the American west, herding cattle is one way to make a living. The image of the cowboy on his horse is a familiar one, ……………… in reality, women also participate in ranch work. This reality can be seen in the rodeo, …………. cowboys and cowgirls compete in roping young steer, and riding adult bulls. Throwing a rope around a steer is something ranchers must do ………………….. give the young animals medicine or to mark the steers as their property. ……………….., riding on the back of a large and angry bull is purely for sport – a brutal and dangerous sport. ……………….., the danger doesn’t stop the men and women who love the rodeo.”
JOHANNSEN, Kristin & CHASE, Rebecca. World English: real people, real places, real language. Boston: Heinle Cengage, 2010. Adaptado.

17. Fill in the gaps with the CORRECT words or expressions to give the text cohesion and coherence.
a) where / in order to / because / But / If
b) but / where / in order to / On the other hand / However
c) moreover / on the other hand / where / Which / But
d) in order to / but / on the other hand / Where / However
e) If / where / therefore / Because / On the other hand

18. O bserve os elementos linguísticos em destaque:
“[…] herding cattle is one way to make a living.”; “[…] compete in roping young steer, and riding adult bulls. Throwing a rope around a steer is something […]”.
Em todos esses exemplos, é CORRETO afirmar que a forma -ing corresponde ao uso de
a) adjetivo.                                          d) infinitivo.
c) gerúndio.                                         e) preposição e substantivo.
b) substantivo e conjunção.

Text 7
 19. Na última fala do personagem Calvin (3º balão), percebe-se uma intertextualidade com
a) um conhecido provérbio de conotação religiosa.
b) um verso de um poema consagrado na literatura mundial.
c) uma conhecida frase de um político contemporâneo.
d) uma mensagem (ou moral) de uma fábula clássica.
e) um grito de guerra de um estrategista histórico.

20. Os phrasal verbs show up’ (1º balão) e ‘find out’ (2º balão) são importantes para se compreenderem os “objetivos” de Calvin na situação acima. Eles significam, respectivamente,
a) apresentar-se – enganar.                  d) aparecer / vir – pagar.
b) aparecer / vir – encontrar.              e) cumprir – vingar-se.
c) desistir – pegar.

By Milton França
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